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Labyrinthitis

Labyrinthitis results from infection to the vestibulocochlear nerve. It leads to Vertigo and Nausea. Find everything you need to know about its symptoms, causes & treatment below.

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About the Disease

Labyrinthitis results from an infection of the inner ear. This inflammation results in damage to the vestibulocochlear nerve leading to vertigo or dizziness, and loss of hearing. The inner ear consists of sacs and fluid-filled canals; this system is called labyrinth. Balance and Hearing are the critical functions of the labyrinth. The cochlea, a fluid-filled, snail-shaped structure is responsible for hearing. The vestibular part of the inner ear controls balance. It consists of three semicircular canals (which have fluid and hair cells) along with two sac-shaped structures the utricle and saccule these organs give information about the head movements. The signals travel from the labyrinth to the brain via the vestibulocochlear nerve.

The vestibulocochlear nerve is the eighth cranial nerve and has two sections. One, the cochlear nerve that transmits signals regarding hearing and the other, the vestibular nerve that sends signals regarding balance. The brain integrates the signals transmitted by vestibular nerves of both ears to maintain balance. Labyrinthitis disrupts both cochlear and vestibular components of the inner ear. Thus, it affects both hearing and balancing abilities of the person, causing loss of hearing and disequilibrium or vertigo. (learn more)

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of Labyrinthitis may include:

  • Vertigo – intense bouts of spinning lasting hours to days.
  • Hearing loss in the affected ear
  • Tinnitus or ringing in one ear – persistent
  • Giddiness or unsteadiness.
  • Nausea/Vomiting
  • Difficulty in focusing eyes during head movement

Diagnosis

Some vestibular tests like VNG, CCG, SVV and DVA along with audiometry will be required to arrive at a correct diagnosis of the condition.

Treatment

Your doctor may prescribe drugs that can reduce dizziness and nausea, and sedatives to allay the anxiety. These medicines should be given only for a short duration, that is, not more than three days.

Vestibular rehabilitation should be started at the earliest to get optimum results and achieve central compensation.

Dr. Anita Bhandari

Dr.Anita Bhandari is MS(ENT) and a consultant Neurotologist practising in Jaipur, India. She has done a fellowship in Otology and Neurotology from Singapore. She has set up a state-of-art Vertigo and Ear Clinic in Jaipur (www.vertigoandearclinic.com) which is amongst the most advanced vertigo clinics in India. Dr. Bhandari is actively involved in the development of diagnostic equipment in the field of diagnosis and rehabilitation of vertigo and balance disorders. She has contributed to the development of Computerised Dynamic Visual Acuity, Cranio-Corpography, Subjective Visual Vertical, Video Nystagmography and Posturography diagnostic equipment and has two patents in this field. She has also been involved in the development of Virtual reality for vestibular rehabilitation. She is Scientific advisor to NeuroEquilibrium™, a unique project to set up 500 super-specialised vertigo and dizziness clinics in India, Asia & Africa leveraging cloud technology. She has authored chapters on ‘Vestibular Physiology’, ‘Dynamic Visual Acuity’, ‘Surgical treatment of vertigo’, ‘Difficult cases in vertigo’ in various Neurotology textbooks. She is an invited speaker in various Vertigo & Neurotology conferences across the world. Dr.Anita Bhandari is MS(ENT) and a consultant Neurotologist practising in Jaipur, India. She has done a fellowship in Otology and Neurotology from Singapore. She has set up a state-of-art Vertigo and Ear Clinic in Jaipur (www.vertigoandearclinic.com) which is amongst the most advanced vertigo clinics in India. Dr. Bhandari is actively involved in the development of diagnostic equipment in the field of diagnosis and rehabilitation of vertigo and balance disorders. She has contributed to the development of Computerised Dynamic Visual Acuity, Cranio-Corpography, Subjective Visual Vertical, Video Nystagmography and Posturography diagnostic equipment and has two patents in this field. She has also been involved in the development of Virtual reality for vestibular rehabilitation. She is Scientific advisor to NeuroEquilibrium™, a unique project to set up 500 super-specialised vertigo and dizziness clinics in India, Asia & Africa leveraging cloud technology. She has authored chapters on ‘Vestibular Physiology’, ‘Dynamic Visual Acuity’, ‘Surgical treatment of vertigo’, ‘Difficult cases in vertigo’ in various Neurotology textbooks. She is an invited speaker in various Vertigo & Neurotology conferences across the world.

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You need not suffer in silence now. You need not accept vertigo as ‘something you have to live with’. There is a way to cure vertigo, dizziness and any other balancing issues you are facing. Live a stable and vibrant life.

A Vertigo Free Life!