Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune system disorder that affects the central nervous system. Learn more about the causes, symptoms, and treatment.

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What is Multiple Sclerosis (MS)?

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an auto immune system disorder that affects the central nervous system. In MS, the immune system attacks the protective myelin sheath covering nerve fibers leading to disruption of conduction of nerve signals. This leads to interference in communication between the brain and the rest of the body.

Symptoms

The symptoms of MS include one or more of the following:

  • Loss of vision or double vision
  • Clumsiness or a lack of coordination
  • Instability (learn more)
  • Slurring of speech
  • Numbness
  • Tingling sensation
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Weakness in limbs

Diagnosis

Early diagnosis is important since treatment can slow down the progress of the disease. It is a challenge for doctors to diagnose multiple sclerosis. No single test is confirmatory of this condition and it must be deferentially diagnosed from other medical conditions.

Investigations recommended for evaluation include:

1. MRI

Widespread use of MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) has revolutionized the ability to diagnose multiple sclerosis. The characteristic plaques of MS will confirm the diagnosis. The location of the plagues will determine the symptoms.

2. Spinal Tap

The results of a spinal tap test can prove to be very helpful in enabling the doctors to see whether the patient’s body’s immune system is attacking itself. Antibodies associated with MS may be identified.

3. Evoked Potential Tests

These tests map electrical activity in portions of the brain, which evaluates nerve signal transmission.

4. VNG

Findings like the ocular flutter spontaneous nystagmus, hyperventilation-induced nystagmus or direction-changing nystagmus can assist in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. (read more)

Dr. Anita Bhandari

Dr.Anita Bhandari is MS(ENT) and a consultant Neurotologist practising in Jaipur, India. She has done a fellowship in Otology and Neurotology from Singapore. She has set up a state-of-art Vertigo and Ear Clinic in Jaipur (www.vertigoandearclinic.com) which is amongst the most advanced vertigo clinics in India. Dr. Bhandari is actively involved in the development of diagnostic equipment in the field of diagnosis and rehabilitation of vertigo and balance disorders. She has contributed to the development of Computerised Dynamic Visual Acuity, Cranio-Corpography, Subjective Visual Vertical, Video Nystagmography and Posturography diagnostic equipment and has two patents in this field. She has also been involved in the development of Virtual reality for vestibular rehabilitation. She is Scientific advisor to NeuroEquilibrium™, a unique project to set up 500 super-specialised vertigo and dizziness clinics in India, Asia & Africa leveraging cloud technology. She has authored chapters on ‘Vestibular Physiology’, ‘Dynamic Visual Acuity’, ‘Surgical treatment of vertigo’, ‘Difficult cases in vertigo’ in various Neurotology textbooks. She is an invited speaker in various Vertigo & Neurotology conferences across the world. Dr.Anita Bhandari is MS(ENT) and a consultant Neurotologist practising in Jaipur, India. She has done a fellowship in Otology and Neurotology from Singapore. She has set up a state-of-art Vertigo and Ear Clinic in Jaipur (www.vertigoandearclinic.com) which is amongst the most advanced vertigo clinics in India. Dr. Bhandari is actively involved in the development of diagnostic equipment in the field of diagnosis and rehabilitation of vertigo and balance disorders. She has contributed to the development of Computerised Dynamic Visual Acuity, Cranio-Corpography, Subjective Visual Vertical, Video Nystagmography and Posturography diagnostic equipment and has two patents in this field. She has also been involved in the development of Virtual reality for vestibular rehabilitation. She is Scientific advisor to NeuroEquilibrium™, a unique project to set up 500 super-specialised vertigo and dizziness clinics in India, Asia & Africa leveraging cloud technology. She has authored chapters on ‘Vestibular Physiology’, ‘Dynamic Visual Acuity’, ‘Surgical treatment of vertigo’, ‘Difficult cases in vertigo’ in various Neurotology textbooks. She is an invited speaker in various Vertigo & Neurotology conferences across the world.

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You need not suffer in silence now. You need not accept vertigo as ‘something you have to live with’. There is a way to cure vertigo, dizziness and any other balancing issues you are facing. Live a stable and vibrant life.

A Vertigo Free Life!

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