Causes, diagnosis & treatment 2017-09-15T05:47:29+00:00

Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

BPPV

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is one of the most common causes of vertigo. It presents with the symptom of  sudden sensation that you’re spinning on change of position or turning in bed. BPPV is a mechanical problem in the inner ear. It occurs when some of the calcium carbonate crystals (otoconia) that are normally embedded in gel in the utricle become dislodged and migrate into one or more of the 3 fluid-filled semicircular canals, where they are not supposed to be. When these particles accumulate in one of the canals, they interfere with the normal fluid movement that these canals use to sense head motion, causing the inner ear to send false signals to the brain.Read more

MENIERE’S DISEASE

Ménière’s disease is a chronic, vestibular (inner ear) disorder defined in 1995 by the Committee on Hearing and Equilibrium of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery as “the idiopathic syndrome of endolymphatic hydrops.”.In plain language, this means that Ménière’s disease results from increased inner ear pressure causing recurrent episodes of hearing loss, vertigo, tinnitus and fullness in one ear. Ménière’s disease can develop at any age, but it is more likely to occur in adults between 30 and 60 years of age. Read more

VESTIBULAR MIGRAINE

Vestibular migraine is a form of migraine which affects the vestibular nerve. Headaches are usually associated with the dizzy spells but not necessary. Accompanying symptoms of photophobia (sensitivity to light) or phonosensitivity (intolerance to noise), as well as nausea andvomiting, are common, and often leads to the inability to perform daily tasks. Read more

VESTIBULAR NEURITIS

Vestibular neuronitis, or neuritis, is an infection of the vestibular nerve in the inner ear. It causes the vestibular nerve to become inflamed, disrupting the sense of balance.

The most common symptoms of vestibular neuronitis are dizziness and vertigo– the sensation that you, or everything around you, is spinning. This may cause you to feel nauseous, have difficulty concentrating and blurred vision. Read more

LABYRINTHITIS

Labyrinthitis results from an infection of the inner ear . This inflammation disrupts the transmission of sensory information from the ear to the brain. Vertigo, dizziness, and loss of hearing may result.
The inner ear consists of a system of fluid-filled tubes and sacs called the labyrinth. The labyrinth serves two functions: hearing and balance. Read More

OTOLITHIC DISORDERS

The otolith organs sense gravity and linear acceleration. There are 2 otolithic organs in the human ear, the utricle and saccule. Damage to the otoliths or their central connections can impair ocular and body stabilization These patients complain of a feeling of chronic unsteadiness or rocking However, until recently, there was no method of measuring the damage to the otolith organs. Read more

PERILYMPH FISTULA

A perilymph fistula (PLF) is an abnormal connection (a tear or defect) in the small, thin membranes (the oval window and the round window) that separate the air filled middle ear and the fluid filled perilymphatic space of the inner ear. This  opening allows perilymph (fluid) to leak into the middle ear.Changes in air pressure that occur in the middle ear (for example, when your ears “pop” in an airplane) normally do not affect your inner ear. Read more

VESTIBULAR PAROXSYMIA

It is a clinical syndrome caused by irritibility of the vestibular nerve. The main clinical feature is repeated brief spells of vertigo.This may be caused by

  • Nerve compression by blood vessels – microvascular compression (MVC)
  • Nerve damage from vestibular neuritis. Read more

SUPERIOR SEMICIRCULAR CANAL DEHISCENCE

It is a rare medical condition of the inner ear leading to vestibular and auditory symptoms. The symptoms are caused by a thinning or  absence of the bony part of the labyrinth overlying the superior semicircular canal of the vestibular system Read more

 

MAL de DEBARQUEMENT SYNDROME [MdDS]

Mal de Débarquement Syndrome (MdDS) is a rare disorder that usually develops following travel in an ocean cruise. Less often, the perceived sensation of motion follows prolonged air or auto travel.More common in women than men, the symptoms of MdDS include a persistent sensation of motion (rocking/swaying/bobbing/tumbling) that is usually associated with imbalance, and difficulty concentrating (impaired cognition). Read more

ACOUSTIC NEUROMA

An acoustic neuroma is a non-cancerous growth that develops on the eighth cranial nerve. (the vestibulocochlear nerve). It connects the inner ear with the brain and has two different parts. One part is involved in transmitting sound; the other helps send balance information from the inner ear to the brain. Read more

MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

It is an immune system disease that affects the central nervous system. With MS, inflammation damages myelin, the protective covering around nerve cells. The resulting lesions, or plaques, interfere with the transmission of nerve signals.Symptoms of MS can include vision problems, numbness of the limbs, and balance issues. Read more

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